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Chapter 18 Introduction to Personal NetWare
This chapter explains the ideas and terms you will need to know in order
to use Personal NetWare(TM) , the networking component of DR-DOS(TM).
Personal NetWare supplies you with server and client software that enables
you to set up a network, and connect to a Novell(R) NetWare(R) server. You
can choose whether to run your machine as a client, or client and server.
You can also set it up as a peer-to-peer network, or as a server-based one,
or combine the two approaches depending on what resources you need to share
between which users.
Personal NetWare Concepts
Any computer with a hard disk, running DOS or MS Windows, and attached to
the network may be set up as a Personal NetWare server. Any
software or device on (or attached to) a server can be shared with other
computers on the network. These shared resources include printers, space
on the server's hard disk, applications, and CD-ROMs. All computers,
including servers, can be used to run DOS and MS Windows programs,
because the networking software runs unobtrusively in the background.
If there are NetWare servers on the same network, you can connect to
them as well as connecting to a workgroup. The term ``shared directory,''
as used in this manual, includes ``NetWare volume.'' Also, the
term ``shared printer'' includes NetWare print queues.
For convenience and security the network can be divided into
workgroups, each containing one or more Personal NetWare
servers. A workgroup consists of a number of users who require the same
access to certain information. Rather than making a file or directory
available to any user on the network, you can make it available to the
members of a workgroup only.
A computer that uses the resources of servers is called a client.
It makes logical connections, via the network software, to shared
directories and printers. The terms ``connect'' and ``disconnect,''
as used in this manual, only refer to software connections, not physical
(cable) attachments. Connecting to network directories and printers is
called ``mapping'' and ``capturing'' respectively in Novell NetWare,
but the term ``connect'' is used in this manual wherever possible.
Every user has an account in each workgroup of which they are a
member. You connect to a workgroup, NetWare servers and/or a
NetWare Directory Services(TM) tree by logging in. This
involves typing your account's username and, if necessary, your
Each workgroup has a user called SUPERVISOR who has workgroup
administrator privileges. Other users can be given workgroup
administrator privileges as well, allowing them to create new user
accounts and workgroups and perform other administrative functions.
A Personal NetWare server has an owner who can change the server's
settings. Anyone else to whom the owner has granted the right (such as the
SUPERVISOR) can also do this. Server settings include the rights of all or
specific users to access each shared resource belonging to that server.
Figure 18-1 shows a network with a workgroup
called ADMIN, whose members can use shared directories and printers on
two Personal NetWare servers. The user called Ray also has an account on a
NetWare server SERVER1, so he can use its volumes and printers as well as
using those on RAY_PC and BILL_PC.
Members of workgroup ADMIN cannot use shared directories or printers in
the workgroup ACCOUNTS unless they are members of ACCOUNTS. Even if you
have accounts in two or more workgroups, you can only be logged in to one
at a time.
Overall Structure of a Network
As well as sharing disks and printers, you can send short NetWare
messages to other users who are logged in to the same workgroup or server.
Messages appear on their screens immediately.
To share one of your disk drives or printers, enable the server software
when you install Personal NetWare. Then, use SETUP
/FIRST or run the
NET ADMIN program to specify which printers and or disk drives are to be
shared and with whom. Often, you will not want to share an entire disk
drive but only some of the subdirectories on it.
You give the server and each shared directory and printer a name. Tell the
other users in your workgroup these names and what they may use them for.
They do not need to know the DOS directory path or printer port number
you are using, only the name you give them.
Connecting to the Network
Before you run an application that is to use shared drives or printers,
you must do the following two things:
1. Log in to identify yourself and your workgroup.
2. Connect disk drive letters and printer port numbers to the shared drives
and printers you want to use.
Each time you switch on or reboot your computer you must log in and
connect by running the NET program. To automate the process, you can
save your current connections in a batch file which will then run
automatically every time you log in.
Components of Personal NetWare
Personal NetWare includes the following components:
A DOS TSR (SERVER.EXE) with support for up to 50 users per workgroup.
Installation programs for both DOS and MS Windows. There is also an
upgrade program for NetWare Lite(TM) users.
Allows a single password for both Personal NetWare and NetWare 4.x
servers. Access rights are compatible with NetWare 4.x but they are in
a simpler format for Personal NetWare users.
DOS-based and icon-based (MS Windows) programs for network user tasks,
such as drive mapping, that are common across all versions of NetWare
including Personal NetWare and NetWare 2.x through 4.x.
DOS-based and icon-based (MS Windows) programs for network administration
tasks that are common across all versions of NetWare including Personal
NetWare and NetWare 2.x through 4.x.
A diagnostics program designed for network troubleshooting and planning.
An arcade-style network game for one to four players.
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